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mmls - Display the partition layout of a volume system (partition tables)
mmls [-t mmtype ] [-o offset ] [ -i imgtype ] [-b dev_sector_size]
[-BrvV] [-aAmM] image [images]
mmls displays the layout of the
partitions in a volume system, which include partition tables and disk
- -t mmtype
- Specify the media management type. Use ’-t list’ to
list the supported types. If not given, autodetection methods are used.
- Specify the offset into the image where the volume containing the
partition system starts. The relative offset of the partition system will
be added to this value.
- -b dev_sector_size
- The size, in bytes, of the underlying
device sectors. If not given, the value in the image format is used (if
it exists) or 512-bytes is assumed.
- -i imgtype
- Identify the type of image file,
such as raw. Use ’-i list’ to list the supported types. If not given, autodetection
methods are used.
- Include a column with the partition sizes in bytes
into DOS partitions and look for other partition tables. This setup frequently
occurs when Unix is installed on x86 systems.
- Verbose output of debugging
statements to stderr
- Display version
- Show allocated volumes
- Show unallocated
- Show metadata volumes
- Hide metadata volumes
- image [images]
disk or partition image to read, whose format is given with ’-i’. Multiple
image file names can be given if the image is split into multiple segments.
If only one image file is given, and its name is the first in a sequence
(e.g., as indicated by ending in ’.001’), subsequent image segments will be
’mmls’ is similar to ’fdisk -lu’ in Linux with a few
differences. Namely, it will show which sectors are not being used so that
those can be searched for hidden data. It also gives the length value so
that it can be plugged into ’dd’ more easily for extracting the partitions.
It also will show BSD disk labels for Free, Open, and NetBSD and will
display the output in sectors and not cylinders. Lastly, it works on non-Linux
If none of -a, -A, -m, or -M are given then all volume types will
be listed. If any of them are given, then only the types specified on the
command line will be listed.
Allocated volumes are those that are listed
in a partition table in the volume system AND can store data. Unallocated
volumes are virtually created by mmls to show you which sectors have not
been allocated to a volume. The metadata volumes overlap the allocated
and unallocated volumes and describe where the partition tables and other
metadata structures are located. In some volume systems, these structures
are in allocated space and in others they are in unallocated space. In
some volume systems, their location is explicitly given in the partition
tables and in others they are not.
To list the partition table
of a Windows system using autodetect:
# mmls disk_image.dd
To list the
contents of a BSD system that starts in sector 12345 of a split image:
# mmls -t bsd -o 12345 -i split disk-1.dd disk-2.dd
Brian Carrier <carrier
at sleuthkit dot org>
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